Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965
note: For those bothered by Trumps ascendancy. These are the high points of the
law on immigration that you need to know before becoming hysterical.
The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 (H.R. 2580; Pub.L. 89–236, 79
Stat. 911, enacted June 30, 1968), also known as the Hart–Celler Act, changed
the way quotas were allocated by ending the National Origins Formula that had
been in place in the United States since the Emergency Quota Act of 1921......
The new law maintained the per-country limits, but it also created
preference visa categories that focused on immigrants' skills and family
relationships with citizens or U.S. residents. The bill set numerical
restrictions on visas at 170,000 per year, with a per-country-of-origin quota.
However, immediate relatives of U.S. citizens and "special immigrants" had no
High points of the act.
The Hart–Celler Act
amended the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (McCarran-Walter Act), while
it upheld many provisions of the Immigration Act of 1924. It maintained
per-country limits, which had been a feature of U.S. immigration policy since
the 1920s, and it developed preference categories.
1. One of the main
components aimed to abolish the national-origins quota. This meant that it
eliminated national origin, race, and ancestry as basis for immigration.
created a seven-category preference system, which gave priority to relatives of
U.S. citizens and legal permanent residents and to professionals and other
individuals with specialized skills.
3. mmediate relatives and "special
immigrants" were not subject to numerical restrictions. Some of the "special
immigrants" include ministers, former employees of the U.S. government, foreign
medical graduates, among others.
4. For the first time, immigration from the
Western Hemisphere was limited.
5. It added a labor certification requirement,
which dictated that the Secretary of Labor needed to certify labor shortages.
Refugees were given the seventh and last category preference with the
possibility of adjusting their status. However, refugees could enter the United
States through other means as well like those seeking temporary asylum.