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President of the Free Africa Foundation
and a Distinguished Economist at American University, both in
Washington, DC

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Obama’s Victory Shames Africa
George B. N. Ayittey, Ph.D.

 The election of Senator Barrack Obama brought jubilation across Africa, where millions celebrated him as “one of their own.” His election victory shattered myths about America and caused some discomfort among Africa’s gang of “hippos” – the nasty, ornery and unrepentant hard-knocks. Wedded to the seat of power, not even bulldozers can dislodge them. “No African head of state should be in power for more than 10 years,” declared President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda in 1986. He is still president.

 Ferociously resistant to change, they would have crushed an Obama who dared challenge their iron grip on power. They would have tossed him into jail the night before the elections (Rwanda); mercilessly bludgeoned him (Zimbabwe); thuggishly annulled his election victory (Nigeria); or threatened to feed him to crocodiles (Malawi). Their security forces would have opened fire on Obama’s supporters, killing over 250 and hauling over thousand into jail (Ethiopia). Even in his own father’s country, Kenya, his victory would have been stolen, his supporters used for target practice by the police, sparking violence that claimed over 1,000 people and dislocated more than 250,000. Municipal elections on November 29 in Jos, Nigeria, have claimed the lives of more than 400 people.

 Such is the state of “elections” on a broken and dysfunctional continent of shattered dreams unfulfilled promises. Immensely rich in mineral resources, it is mired in grinding poverty, social destitution and humanitarian crises. It has been reduced to a wasteland by marauding hippos -- Congo, Somalia, Sudan, Zimbabwe -- enabling vulture mercantilist countries to pick with chopsticks dexterity a platinum mine in Zimbabwe, oil from Sudan, col-tan from Congo,  bauxite from Guinea to the detriment and impoverishment of their people.

 In much of officialdom, common sense is on vacation as arrogant tomfoolery rampages with impunity. The rule of law is a farce: Bandits are in charge and their victims in jail. The police are highway robbers and soldiers protect, not the people but the crooks in power. Rape serves as a political weapon in Congo and Sudan (Darfur), whose president, Omar el-Beshir, has been indicted by the International Crimes Commission for crimes against humanity.

 “Government” doesn’t care about the people, let alone provide them with basic social services (clean water, electricity or health). In fact, the role of government is not to serve but to fleece the people. It has been hijacked by a cabal of gangsters, who use the state machinery to enrich themselves, their cronies and tribesmen. The richest in Africa are heads of state and ministers. Says a tribal chief: “Here in Lesotho, we have two problems: Rats and the government.”

 Between 1970 and 2004, more than $450 billion in oil revenue flowed into the coffers of Nigeria’s governments but $412 billion was looted by Nigeria’s military thugs. Even the little that was recovered by the Obasanjo regime in 1999 was immediately re-looted! Lagos, the commercial capital lacks reliable supplies of electricity and water. The country can’t feed itself, spending $3 billion annually to import food it could grow itself. Yet, it is spending $89 million to build a Space Center!

 To be sure, there are bright spots in Africa where countries are well governed: Benin, Botswana, Ghana, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, South Africa, among others. But they are pitifully few. The vast majority of Africans still labor under vapid repression and mismanagement – their struggle for freedom from white colonial rule perfidiously betrayed. Independence was in name only: One set of masters (white colonialists) was replaced by another set – a disgusting assortment of black neo-colonialists, Swiss bank socialists, crocodile liberators, and crackpot revolutionaries  -- while the oppression and exploitation of the African people continued unabated. Such leadership is a far cry from the traditional leadership Africa has known for centuries.

 These hippos have left a trail of wanton destruction, gratuitous mayhem and human debris in their wake. Since 1960, more people (over 16 million) have died than were snatched from Africa during the West African slave trade (operated by Europeans) and the East African counterpart (organized by Arabs).  In Congo alone, more than 5 million have died since 1996 and over 4 million in Sudan. {Hippos kill more people in Africa annually than any other wild animal.]

 For decades, the U.S. and the international community served as unwitting enablers – faithfully cleaning up the mess and dispensing band-aid to the victims: Somalia, Rwanda, Burundi, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Congo, Sudan, Zimbabwe, etc. Political correctness shielded Africa’s brutal despots. Burdened by guilt over the iniquities of colonialism, Westerners were reluctant to criticize them – for fear of being labeled “racist.” As a result, the root causes   of Africa’s crises were seldom addressed. These have little to do with racism, colonialism, American imperialism or artificial colonial borders. They are more about power, pure and simple. Zimbabwe and the plethora of failed African states would have been saved had their leaders been willing to relinquish or share political power. Without new leadership and genuine reform, more African countries will implode.  But reform or change is anathema to Africa’s hippos:

          Ask them to develop their countries and they will develop their own pockets. Ask them to seek “foreign investment” and they will invest the loot in a foreign country.

         Ask them to curb corruption and they will set up “Anti-Corruption Commissions” with no teeth and then sack the Commissioner if he sniffs too close to the fat cats (Kenya), issue a Government White Paper to exonerate corrupt ministers (Ghana in 1996), or send the anti-corruption czar off to the U.K. for graduate studies (Nigeria in 2007).

         Ask them to establish democracy and they will empanel a coterie of fawning sycophants to write the electoral rules, toss opposition leaders into jail, hold “coconut” elections and return themselves to power (Ivory Coast, Kenya, Rwanda).

         Ask them to reduce poverty and they will arrest the poor. Said Kibirige Ssebunya, the late and former minister of agriculture in Uganda in 2004: “They are poor. They are hard to lead. They should be arrested. This is the way to develop.”

Africa’s reform process has been stalled by contumacious chicanery, willful deception, and strong-arm tactics. Only 16 out of the 54 African countries are democratic and fewer than 8 African countries are “economic success stories.” Intellectual freedom remains in the Stalinist era: only 8 African countries have a free and independent media.

The incoming Obama administration should not coddle Africa’s hippos nor put up with their vaunted acrobatics. These hippos need tough and blunt talk. Accordingly, Obama needs to revamp US-Africa policy to center around the following postulates:

1.      Africa doesn’t need aid. Its begging bowl leaks. According to the African Union (AU) corruption alone costs Africa more than $148 billion a year – nearly six times the aid ($25 billion) Africa receives from all sources.

2.      Formulation of a new U.S.-Africa policy requires input from native born African dissidents and exiles living in the U.S. – the same role played by Soviet dissidents in the West. These Africans have a better understanding of conditions back home and, moreover, are not so encumbered by political correctness. But, hitherto fore they have been excluded from the formulation of U.S.-Africa policy.

3.      The new policy should place less emphasis on the rhetoric of African leaders. When President George Bush declared a war on terror, immediately a host of African despots also claimed that they too were fighting terrorists (in order to win more U.S. aid) when they themselves were the real state terrorists! Even Charles Taylor, former president of Liberia and now an indicted war criminal at the Hague, had an Anti-Terrorist Unit,  ran by his son, now in jail in Florida. And the warlords of Mogadishu, who had been terrorizing residents for years, formed a Coalition against Terrorism to secure CIA funding. This time around, more emphasis should be placed on institution building. Leaders come and go but institutions endure. Six institutions are critical:

         An independent central bank: to assure monetary and economic stability, as well as stanch capital flight out of Africa. Witness Zimbabwe where the rate of inflation is 11 million percent – whatever that me3ans. It even  ran  out of paper on which to print the  currency.

         An independent judiciary -- essential for the rule of law.

         A free and independent media to ensure free flow of information. Get the media out  of  the hands   of corrupt and incompetent governments in Africa.

          An independent Electoral Commission to ensure free and fair elections.

          An efficient and professional civil service to deliver essential social services to the people on the basis of need and not on the basis of ethnicity or political affiliation.

         The establishment of a neutral and professional armed and security forces.

Give Africans these institutions and they themselves will do the rest of the job of cleaning up the continent.

4.      Forget about that useless continental organization called the African Union (AU). It can’t even define “democracy.” On Zimbabwe, it is doing the watutsi and yet to resolve one single African crisis. It dispatched a feckless contingent of peacekeepers to Darfur. When their Haskanita base in El Fasher in northern Darfur came under rebel assault on October 1, 2007, the AU peacekeepers fled.

                5.       The U.S. and the international community cannot forever continue to pick up the         pieces and clean up the mess left by Africa’s hippos. A United Nations protectorate should be declared over failed states (Congo, Somalia, Sudan, Zimbabwe, etc.) Sufficient force should be deployed to remove an errant regime and the country administered for say 10 years before holding free and fair elections to turn it over.

Finally Obama might consider following Nelson Mandela’s example and serve only one term in office. This will send a powerful message to Africa’s long-standing despots. The obsession with power is what has ruined Africa.

Dr. George B. N. Ayittey

he writer, a Ghanaian, is the President of the Free Africa Foundation and a Distinguished Economist at American University, both in Washington, DC. He is the author of Africa In Chaos and Africa Unchained.



       

    

 

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